In 1630 Mumtaz Mahal accompanied Shah Jahan who was fighting during a military campaign on the Deccan plateau. Along with its obvious significance, the structure’s breathtaking design and beauty make it stand out from a host of other man made wonders. She was his third wife, and became his favorite. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, gracefulness and compassion. She died young on June 17, 1631. Image Credit : http://www.traveltourguru.in/mumtaz-mahal/. ThePrint Profile; Mumtaz Mahal, the queen with a wonder of the world built in her honour There is surprisingly little known of Mumtaz Mahal, arguably among the most prominent of the Mughal queens whose death anniversary falls today, 17 June. The Mahal was only designed to hold one person. Inscriptions of the ‘Ninety Nine Names of God’ can be seen on the sides of the tomb. They got married five years later on April 30, 1612 when Mumtaz was 19 years old. Mumtaz Mahal was born as Arjumand Banu Begum on April 27, 1593 in Agra, India. According to various sources, Shah Jahan was inconsolable after the demise of his favorite wife. Mumtaz Mahal’s mausoleum would later go down in history as one of the most beautiful edifices ever built by mankind. He also bestowed upon her a couple of titles, namely ‘Malika-i-Jahan’ and ‘Malika-uz-Zamani,’ which means ‘Queen of the World’ and ‘Queen of the Age’ respectively. In 2015 when I wrote about Moti Mahal, at one time, Delhi’s best-known restaurant, the article went viral since it presented an accurate picture of the place and how three friends, all refugees of Partition, carved out a place for themselves in the culinary history of the country. Image Credit : https://hindi.firstpost.com/culture/these-15-things-you-dont-know-about-mumtaz-mahal-61195.html. She was buried temporarily in Burhanpur, but this was never meant to be her final resting place. Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan were engaged in a grand ceremony in January 1607. Yet some sources mark her death in the year 1629. Her father was the Persian noble Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, the brother of Nur Jahan, the Mughal Empress wife of Jahangir. Jahan ruled from 1628 to 1658. She also patronized many poets and scholars among others. Hence, he commissioned the construction of Taj Mahal in 1632, which would take 22 years to complete. It is also belived that Mumtaz Mahal died, aged 40, while giving birth to Gauhara Begum in Burhanpur, the cause of death being Postpartum hemorrhage, which caused considerable blood-loss after a painful labour of thirty hours. On June 17, 1631, Mumtaz suffered complications while giving birth to her child and after an unusually prolonged labor of nearly 30 hours, she breathed her last in Burhanpur. Many believe that Taj Mahal represents the beauty of Mumtaz Mahal, a theory which is supported by many scholars, given the elaborate design and feature of the building. Also, she suffered from complications after gave repeated childbirth. Cause of Death. She did not know it would be her last trip. The story goes that he built the Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who had died in childbirth. It also tells the maternal death story. She was buried in a walled garden on the banks of the River Tapti. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal were married for 19 years, during which Mumtaz gave birth to six daughters and eight sons, with seven of them dying in infancy. She died on June 17, 1631, giving birth to her 14th child, and was buried in Burhanpur at the place of her death. Taj Mahal went on to become one of the most beautiful edifices in the world. The caused of death was postpartum hemorrhage. Considered by many as the epitome of love, Taj Mahal was built on the southern bank of Yamuna River in Agra. Mumtaz was considered a perfect example of beauty with brains at a very young age. She was born to Diwanji Begum and Abu’l-Hasan Asaf Khan, who held high position in the Mughal Empire. Khurram reluctantly sired a child each with his other two wives, as it was his duty. In fact, she was a poet, who often composed poems in Persian language. In the nineteen years Mahal was married to Khurram, they had fourteen children, seven of which died at birth or during a very young age. She was pregnant for the 14th time when she the disease caught her. Mumtaz Mahal died, aged 37 (7 July 1631), while giving birth to Gauhara Begum in Burhanpur, the cause of death being postpartum haemorrhage, which caused considerable blood-loss after a painful labour of thirty hours. Soon after ascending the throne in 1628, Shah Jahan declared Mumtaz as his chief empress. …1628–58) to immortalize his wife Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”). Despite numerous pregnancies, Mahal travelled with Khurram all over the Mughal Empire, as well as throughout his military campaigns, which ultimately lead to rebellion against her father. She was a princess born to Persian nobility and became Empress Consort of India in 1612 when she was married to Prince Khurrum (Shah Jahan). Mumtaz Mahal Mumtaz Mahal. Though Mumtaz Mahal’s importance in the life of Shah Jahan has received unprecedented endorsement through a beautiful tomb, her position was by no means completely unusual for the women of the Mughal royal family. However, instead of building a new tomb for Jahan, his son simply placed him next to Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz would often play a decisive role in the emperor forgiving some of his enemies, including the commutation of death sentences. The Moti Mahal story ended when the […] "She is alive, fit and fine. ORIGINALLY POSTED ON STRAIGHT.COM, APRIL 24, 2013 By Steve Newton When music legend Taj Mahal calls from a tour stop in Phoenix, it’s been just a few days since he played Eric Clapton’s Crossroads Guitar Festival at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mumtaz Mahal was the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The king had 7 wives and Mumtaz was the fourth one. When he showed up after a year, there were significant changes in his appearance as he had developed a hunch and his hair had turned grey. Mumtaz Mahal was married to another man before Shah Jahan, and he killed her husband so he could marry her. These were preventable causes of maternal mortality, The Mughal Empress: Mumtaz Mahal [1593 AD – 1631 AD] Reign 1628 – 1658 Full name Arjumand Banu Begum Born April, 1593 Died 17 June 1631 Place of death Burhanpur Buried Taj Mahal Consort to Shah jahan Offspring Shahzadi Hluralnissa Begum (1613 - 1616). Shah Jahan had already made up his mind to construct a suitable mausoleum for his wife. Shah Jahan’s love for Mumtaz and his disparage for his first and third wife was so great that it finds mention in ‘Iqbal Namah-e-Jahangiri,’ which is written by Motamid Khan, Shah Jahan’s official court chronicler. In 1983, Mumtaz Mahal’s mausoleum was declared as ‘UNESCO World Heritage Site’ and in 2007 it was included in the list of ‘Seven Wonders of the World.’ As the final resting place of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, Taj Mahal is considered extremely important for its historical significance alone. However, upon Shah Jahan’s death on January 22, 1666, his son Aurangzeb did not want to build a separate tomb for him and hence had his mortal remains buried next to Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb. Apart from having a child each with his first and third wife, Shah Jahan did not have any intimate relationship with them. On 6 September 1657 , he became severely sick. Hence, Mumtaz enjoyed the glory of the Mughal Empire to the fullest. Though Mumtaz’s tenure was short-lived, she had a glorious professional life as she had complete control over Emperor Shah Jahan’s decisions, so much so that he would even pardon enemies and mitigate death sentences at the empress’ interposition. The funeral procession travelled 900 kilometers before reaching Agra, where Mumtaz’s body was interred in a small building. On June 17, 1631, Mumtaz suffered complications while giving birth to her child and after an unusually prolonged labor of nearly 30 hours, she breathed her last in Burhanpur. She was also Shah Jahan’s trusted confidant and would often travel with his retinue, in spite of her frequent pregnancies. Speaking of Mumtaz Mahal's death, I found some contridictory dates regarding her death. In fact, he secluded himself and mourned her death for a year. Mumtaz was a Muslim and fell in love with and married her cousin, Shah Jahan, later to be the Mughal emperor on May 10, 1612at the age of 19. Mumtaz Mahal was pregnant with her fourteenth child when she had accompanied her husband to Burhanpur. He was the grandson of Akbar the Great, and took the throne after his father’s death in 1657. She was buried temporarily in Burhanpur, but this was never meant to be her final resting place. ShahJahan was given the name of Mumtaz Mahal (Ornament of the Palace) when Prince Khurram acceded the throne and became … Its dome, which surmounts Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb, is nearly 35 meters high. Shah Jahan’s extreme love for Mumtaz made sure she had a glorious married life. However, his first and third marriage took place because of political reasons. Mumtaz Mahal died at young age of 37 years on June 17, 1631 due to postpartum haemorrhage and from complications related to repeated childbirth. MUMBAI: Dismissing reports of veteran actor Mumtaz's death, a family member said Friday the yesteryear star is fit and fine. Mahal died in Burhanpur giving birth to her fourteenth child. Ghias-ud-din was also related to the royal family as he was the older brother of Nur Jahan, the Empress consort of Jahangir. They had 3 … Mumtaz was well-educated and was fluent in Persian and Arabic languages. Not only did she lead an extremely lavish life, but she also had the complete attention of the emperor. It was reported that his hair had turned white, his face was worn, and his back was bent. Shah Jahan was devastated and went into secluded mourning for a year, emerging, according to a contemporary chronicler, stooped and white-haired. During his thirty-year reign, Shah Jahan had ups and downs in his attempts to expand his empire, but he had great success in architecture. The contemporary court writers paid an abnormal measure of thoughtfulness regarding Mumtaz Mahal's demise and ShahJahan's sadness at her death. The second is that the reason for the Taj Mahal being built (Mumtaz Mahal’s death) was something that could have been avoided. Mumtaz Mahal, which means "the chosen one of the palace," was born September 1, 1593 and died on June 17, 1631. By the way, she was also not the only wife of the king. Shahzada… Shahzadi (Imperial Princess) Jahanara Begum ) (1614 - 1681). It is considered as one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture. They did have to wait five years before they became married. He’d been asked to play the event before, and never had the … Continue reading Taj Mahal wasn’t so much shocked as pissed off by … She was the daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, making her the niece of Empress Nur Jehan, who was married to Emperor Jahangir. In the prompt fallout of his mourning, the Emperor was apparently hopeless and completely devastated. “The world believes it was built by love but reading Shah Jahan’s own words on the Taj, one could say it was grief that built the Taj Mahal and it was sorrow that saw it through sixteen years till completion.”―Aysha Taryam, The Opposite of Indifference: A Collection of Commentaries. Her body was buried in the Taj Mahal in Agra. Many wives, mothers, daughters and aunts played important roles in the public as well as private lives of the Mughal emperors. She was also a Mughal Empress herself. It also finds mention in historian Inayat Khan’s documentation of Shah Jahan’s relationship with his wives. The date of their marriage, in 1612, was selected by astrologers of the court to be most effective in ensuring a happy marriage. It was then transported to Agra in a golden casket. Mumtaz Mahal was the favourite wife of Shah •Jehan, the Tetrareh of the Indian dynasty, ... Mumtaz passed away of cause of death. Though she was the trusted adviser and close confidant of the emperor, she is not portrayed as having had the aspirations to political power. Jahanara went on to take her mother's place in the court. Mumtaz’s Maternal Death He was a different person now. Taj Mahal was built in a span of 17 years, between 1631 and 1648, by orders of Emperor Shah Jahan, who ruled from 1628 to 1658, mostly in northern India. Mumtaz Mahal is described as a kind and generous empress as she would often influence the emperor in helping those in need, especially the poor. Since the tale of her beauty had reached far and wide, Jahangir had no hesitation in agreeing to her engagement with his son Shah Jahan. Since Burhanpur was never intended to be Mumtaz Mahal’s final resting place, her body was exhumed from ‘Zainabad’ on December 14, 1631. Mumtaz Mahal died from postpartum hemorrhage in Burhanpur on 17 June 1631 while giving birth to her fourteenth child, after a prolonged labor of approximately 30 hours. While her father was a wealthy Persian noble, her mother was the daughter of Khwaja Ghias-ud-din, a Persian noble. Mumtaz Mahal was born in April 1593 in Agra, India. The inner-most chamber was originally built to house only a single tomb. Jahan's son, Aurangzeb, put Jahan on house arrest. His trust in her was so great that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. The real tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are open during the time of URS (Death Anniversary) of Shah Jahan which falls according to the Islamic calendar in the month of Rajab. Shah Jahan married Mahal's sister after her death. The 360th Urs or death anniversary of Shah Jahan was observed at the Taj Mahal last week, but there were ripples of it in Delhi too with a busload of … After Mahal's Death The contemporary court chroniclers paid an unusual amount of at… Although Begum was betrothed to Shah Jahan (also know as Prince Khurram) at the age of fourteen, she ultimately became the love of his life. History Of Taj Mahal. The Emperor was inspired to build this monument in dedication to his late wife, Queen Mumtaz Mahal, who died giving birth to their 14 th child. Post her demise, Shah Jahan commissioned a mausoleum for Mumtaz, which would later be declared as one of the seven ‘Wonders of the World.’, Image Credit : https://anjanadesigns.blogspot.com/2014/08/facts-about-taj-mahal.html. It was reported that the emperor was inconsolable at the time of her death, and disappeared into hiding for a year. The royal wedding was held in Agra, after which Shah Jahan conferred upon her the title ‘Mumtaz Mahal,’ which literally means the ‘Exalted One.’ Mumtaz was not Shah Jahan’s first wife as he was already married to Kandahari Begum in 1609. Mumtaz died at the age of 39 years. ‘Khas Mahal,’ where she lived with Shah Jahan, was decorated with precious stones and pure gold, the kind of luxury Shah Jahan’s first and third wife could only hope for. On 17 June, at Burhanpur, after a 30-hour labour, Arjumand developed a fatal post-partum haemorrhage and died. Let’s take a look at her life history, reign as the Mughal empress, facts, death, etc. The emperor promised immediately. Mumtaz Mahal, born Arjumand Banu Begum, was born in Agra. It was built by the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in 1631 in memory of his third but the most favourite wife, in fact a soul-mate Mumtaz Mahal, a Muslim Persian princess. He also married Izz-un-Nissa Begum after marrying Mumtaz. Siblings: Shaista Khan, Farzana Begum, Parwar Khanum, Mumtaz Mahal was the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Mahal was the chief consort of the emperor Shah Jahan. He was born as Prince Khurram on 5th January 1592, to Emperor Jahangir and his second wife, Jagat Gosini (a Rajput Princess). He had no state funeral. She would give donations and pensions to the daughters of theologians, pious men, and poor scholars. Mumtaz died at young age of 39 years on June 17, 1631 due to postpart um haemorr hage and fromcomplications related to repeat- ed childbi rth. All speaks the Taj Mahal is a Symbol of love. Mumtaz had a great influence on the affairs of the state as she served as the emperor’s principal adviser. It is also belived that Mumtaz Mahal died, aged 40, while giving birth to Gauhara Begum in Burhanpur, the cause of death being Postpartum hemorrhage, which caused considerable blood-loss after a painful labour of thirty hours. Rajab is the 7th month of the Islamic calendar. Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. Mumtaz Mahal married Shah Mirza Akbar II. Mahal died in Burhanpur giving birth to her fourteenth child. In 1611, his father married Nur Jehan, the widowed daughter of a Persian immigrant and the aunt of Arjumand Banu Begum. Her body was temporarily buried at Burhanpur in a walled pleasure garden known as Zainabad originally constructed by Shah Jahan's uncle Daniyal on the bank of the Tapti River. These days true love is very rare, it is very hard to find such affectionate stories, most of us don’t know that Taj Mahal was made by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his eternal love and wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died while giving birth to her daughter Gauhara Begum, cause of death was so much blood loss and pain. Shah was born in 1760, in Mukundpur,India. Upon reaching puberty, she became the center of attention among many important empires. Shah Jahan's sons fought against each other for the crown in the Battle of Samugarh. she wants to know why everybody is spreading false news," a family member told PTI. A Sanskrit poet named Vansidhara Mishra eventually became Mumtaz’s favorite. Postpartum hemorrhage, which is defined as excessive loss of blood during childbirth, was confirmed as … She had been accompanying her husband while he was fighting a campaign in the Deccan Plateau. His relationship with the two other wives can be described as "nothing more than marriage," while he put a thousand times more effort into his relationship with Mahal. Khurram gave Begum her new name, Mumtaz Mahal, shortly after their marriage. However, Shah Jahan’s intense love for her ultimately led to her death as she died at the age of 38 due to postpartum hemorrhage, while delivering her 14th child. Mumtaz Mahal is very important to the Taj Mahal; the building was constructed specifically as a tomb and final resting place for her by her husband. Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan's trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire. Image Credit : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahal. Since Islam tradition prohibits one from decorating tombs, the mortal remains of Mumtaz was placed in a simple crypt, beneath the inner-most chamber of Taj Mahal. Her body was buried in the Taj Mahal in Agra. Khurram's affection towards Mahal was very much reciprocated; she was deeply in love with her husband as well. It was ultimately Jahanara Begum, their oldest daughter, who brought him out of hiding. She died in childbirth in 1631, after having been the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612. He was ruling on a vast empire. She died while accompanying her husband in Burhanpur in a campaign to crush a rebellion after giving birth to their 13th child. The loss had taken a serious toll on his health and it took several days for his daughter Jahanara Begum to bring him out of grief. There were reports on social media that the actor passed away Friday. Mumtaz Mahal was born in Agra, India in 1593 and was the inspiration for the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world. She had been accompanying her husband on a military campaign. Religiously, Mumtaz was a Shia Muslim. Since Shah Jahan was completely smitten with Mumtaz Mahal, he spent almost all his time with her, completely ignoring his other two wives in the process. Postpartum hemorrhage, which is defined as excessive loss of blood during childbirth, was confirmed as the reason of her death. Some sources state that her death was in 1631 (and is also mentioned to have had a child just before her death when her last child, Gauhara Begum, was born). Khurram acquired two other wives in the five years after meeting Mahal before their marriage, but he became so smitten to Mahal that he showed little interest in his two other wives, and in his polygamous right in general. There was no hope for his life then. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz had visited Burhanpur as part of Shah Jahan’s military campaign, which was aimed at suppressing the rebellion of the governor of the Deccan, Khan Jahan Lodi. She had been accompanying her husband on a military campaign. Shahjahan ruled in the Mughal throne from 1627 till 1658. Let you know the sad Story behind Taj Mahal History. Prince Khurram married Arjumand Banu Begum in May 1612. Her mortal remains were initially buried at Burhanpur in a garden named ‘Zainabad,’ which had been constructed on the banks of River Tapti by one of Shah Jahan’s uncles named Daniyal Mirza. Nevertheless, she continued to play a key role in influencing the emperor’s decision in the affairs of the state. The mausoleum was completed in 22 years with Mumtaz’s tomb forming the central part of the 42 acre complex. Mumtaz’s personal life was one of joy as she was the most prominent among the emperor’s wives. Apart from bestowing upon her the highest honor of the empire, Shah Jahan also gave her a yearly allowance of 10 lakh rupees as part of her housekeeping and travelling expense. With more than seven million visitors visiting the site annually, Taj Mahal is one of the most popular edifices in the world. However she was not an every day citizen; Mahal was born into nobility. She would also often travel with Shah Jahan’s retinue in his military campaigns. In 1631, after having been the emperor Shah Jahan 's trusted companion, travelling with him all over Mughal... The Empress consort of Jahangir with his other two wives, as it then... Decisive role in the affairs of the most beautiful edifices in the year.. By the way, she suffered from complications after gave repeated childbirth hold! 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