The human composition of societies changes over time, technologies expand, ideologies and values take on new components; institutional functions and structures undergo reshaping. Social change refers to the modifications which take place in life pattern of people. Schneidar and Dornbusch, in their book “Popular Religion”, have pointed that decline in mortality rate evokes several changes in social structure. The end of progress, it has come to be accepted, cannot be determined. The rate, speed and direction of social change is not the same everywhere. These changes cannot be stopped. (iii) By virtue of this double processes of differentiation and integration, the efficiency of the society is being constantly increased. Social Change Shows Chain-Reaction Sequences: Society is a dynamic system of interrelated parts. Feelings of failure. To change society, as says Davis, is to change man. According W.E. Herbert Spencer has prescribed four important principles of evolution. It is certainly a change, a change for the better not for the worse. According Gillin and Gillin, “Social changes are variations from the accepted modes of life; whether due to alternation in geographical conditions, in cultural equipment, composition of the population or ideologies and brought about by diffusion, or inventions within the group. We cannot speak of evolution when an object or system is changed by forces acting upon it from without. Burgess writes, “Any change or adoption to an existent environment that makes it easier for a person or group of persons or other organized from of life to live may be said to represent progress”. According to some thinkers, moral conduct is the criterion of progress. But in 90s, India has become more industrialized. Strategies. The concept of progress varies from society to society, place to place and from time to time. People have begun to give up their traditional occupations and are taking to work in the factories and in the offices-commercial as well as Government. They have stressed on the point that due to decline in mortality rate in USA since 1875, negative attitude towards religious beliefs have been cultivated by the people. But it does not signify progress. What Is Multiculturalism? The moment the specifications like direction, desirability, and value-judgement are added to change, another terminology ‘progress’ becomes necessary to describe the process of change. Fire can be used for constructive and destructive purposes. The employment of women meant their independence from the bondage of man. These two type of changes should not, however, be treated separately because a change in one automatically induces changes in the other. They tell us stories of man’s rise and growth from the Paleolithic age to the Neolithic age, then to the Stone Age and next to the copper age etc. According to Green, “The enthusiastic response of change has become almost way of life. Technological revolutions enabled societies to industrialize urbanize, specialize, bureaucratize, and take on characteristics that are considered central aspects of modern society. Technological changes have influenced attitudes, beliefs and traditions. Countries with growing population and relatively limited resources have an incentive to imperialism and to militarism. The extremes of poverty and health, of ignorance and enlightenment had continued to coexist as ever before. 8. Nor again should be assumed that, it is always the ‘material’ or that the main problem is one of adapting the ‘non-material’ to the ‘material’ culture. In Progress the Desired End is Achieved: The progress is not mere change. The application of the term fell into disfavour. Society is not at all a static phenomenon, but it is a dynamic entity. Social change can change attitudes, behaviors, laws, policies and institutions to better reflect values of inclusion, fairness, diversity and opportunity. The demographic factor plays the most decisive role in causing social change. The dawn of this new civilization is the single most explosive fact of our lifetimes. Average length of life is one index of progress whether the world is growing better. One clear way we can see social change happening is through technology. Hence, social change is a change in social relationships. Social movements, whether alterative, redemptive, reformative, transformative, translational, or metaformative, either promote or resist social change. According to Jones “Social change is a term used to describe variations in, or modifications of any aspect of social processes, social patterns, social interaction or social organization”. On the stage of the world, scenes follow scenes, acts follow acts, and drama follows drama. A social structure is a nexus of present relationships. Progress means moving forward in the direction of achievement of some aim. It is clear from the above explanation that technology has profoundly altered our modes of life and also thought. In spite of various shortcomings, Ogburn’s theory of cultural lag has been proved to be beneficial for the understanding of the cultural factor in bringing about social change. This process is called a withdrawal. The social effects of technology are far-reaching. It characterises every society. THE phrases "natural selection," "the survival of the fittest" and ,the struggle for existence," with others that come from the Origiin of Species and the Synthetic Philos-ophy, are now applied to social phenomena and circulate very generally as … It is so complex and so significant in the life of individual and of society that we have to explore the ‘why’ and ‘how’ of social change in all its ramifications. Social change refers to the transformation of culture, behavior, social institutions, and social structure over time. For example, most countries in Asia where more than half world population is now living, is characterised by high birth rate. It exists because social beings seek to maintain it. For example, the old authoritarian family has become the small equalitarian family. The changing values of women force men to change their values also. Movement of people from East to West and North to South has broken social and regional barriers. Technology is another organizing force of social life. which we ate earlier, their form has been changed. In this context, it will serve also to introduce the principle that cultural conditions are themselves important agencies in the process of social change. The reason is that the factors which cause social change do not remain uniform with the changes in time. But social change is a generic term, an objective term describing one of the fundamental processes. He spoke of hunger and disease as positive check, and late marriage and enforced celibacy as the preventive check. It is a change in particular direction. The modern languages derived from Sanskrit Like Bengali, Gujarati, Telugu and Tamil cannot be compared in their structure with the richness and diversity of their origin. There is struggle against the lower pull in survival. Definite Prediction of Social Change is Impossible: It is very much difficult to make out any prediction on the exact forms of social change. These scholars observed that cultural diffusion happens when societies that have different ways of life come into contact with each other and that as they interact more and more, the rate of cultural diffusion between them increases. A thousand years ago in Asia, Europe and Latin America the face of society was vastly different from that what exists today. Lastly, though technology has elevated the status of women, it has also contributed to the stresses and strains in the relations between men and women at home. (combine 4&5) Each of these four stages within their own territory has the four stages. Only that change, whose influence can be felt on entire community or society for its betterment or welfare, can be called social progress. Due to these people’s low level of physical well-being, they are socially backward and unprogressive. 2. The phenomenon of social change is not simple but complex. Though it has brought in higher standard of living, still then by creating much more middle classes, it has caused economic depression, unemployment, poverty, industrial disputes and infectious diseases. He emphasizes, if we open the pages of History, we find that in the beginning there was no differentiation of institutions within human society or the performance of diverse functions. They are discovery, invention, and diffusion. ‘Trade Union’ movements, ‘Lockouts’, ‘Strikes”, “Hartals’, ‘Processions’, ‘Pen down’ became the stocks-in-trade of those who want to promote class interest. Evolution describes a series of interrelated changes in a system of some kind. Social change involves alteration of the social order of a society. He can look before and after. On the whole, social change is usually a combination of systematic factors along with some random or unique factors. There is no object which can uniformly or eternally be considered valuable irrespective of time and place. 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